A subset of anti-HLA antibodies induces FcγRIIa-dependent platelet activation
EHA Learning Center. Rijkers M. Oct 1, 2018; 234253
Topic: 1D Platelet disorders and angiopathies
Maaike Rijkers
Maaike Rijkers
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

Access to EHA Members only content is an EHA membership benefit.
Click here to join EHA or renew your membership here.

Journal Abstract
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)

Co-Authors: Anno Saris, Sebastiaan Heidt, Arend Mulder, Leendert Porcelijn, Frans H.J. Claas, Ruben Bierings, Frank W.G. Leebeek, A.J. Gerard Jansen, Gestur Vidarsson, Jan Voorberg, Masja de Haas

Abstract: HLA antibodies are associated with refractoriness to platelet transfusion, leading to rapid platelet clearance, sometimes coinciding with clinical side effects such as fever and chills. The presence of HLA antibodies is not always manifested by clinical symptoms. It is currently unclear why refractoriness to platelet transfusion is only observed in a subset of patients. Here, we utilized the availability of a unique panel of human monoclonal antibodies to study whether these were capable of activating platelets. Three out of eight human HLA-specific monoclonal antibodies induced activation of HLA-matched platelets from healthy donors as evidenced by enhanced α-granule release, aggregation, and αIIbb3 activation. The propensity of HLA monoclonal antibodies to activate platelets was independent of the HLA subtype to which they were directed, but was dependent on the recognized epitope. Activation was fully inhibited either by blocking FcγRIIa, or by blocking FcγRIIa-dependent signaling with Syk inhibitor IV. Furthermore, activation required the presence of the IgG-Fc part, as F(ab’)2 fragments of HLA monoclonal antibodies were unable to induce platelet activation. Mixing experiments revealed that activation of platelets occurred in an intra-platelet dependent manner. Accordingly, a proportion of sera from refractory patients with HLA antibodies induced FcγRIIa-dependent platelet activation. Our data show that a subset of HLA antibodies is capable of crosslinking HLA and FcγRIIa thereby promoting platelet activation and enhancing these cells’ phagocytosis by macrophages. Based on these findings we suggest that FcγRIIa-dependent platelet activation may contribute to the decreased platelet survival in platelet-transfusion-dependent patients with HLA antibodies.

Article Number: 1741

Doi: 10.3324/haematol.2018.189365

Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.

Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.

Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.

Save Settings