Iron overload impairs normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells through reactive oxygen species and shortens survival in myelodysplastic syndrome mice
EHA Learning Center. Jin X. Oct 1, 2018; 234241
Topic: 4Bc Mobilization, collection and manipulation of hematopoeitic stem cells
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Co-Authors: Xiaoyuan He, Xiaoli Cao, Ping Xu, Yi Xing, Songnan Sui, Luqiao Wang, Juanxia Meng, Wenyi Lu, Rui Cui, Hongyan Ni, Mingfeng Zhao

Abstract: There is increasing clinical evidence to suggest a suppressive effect on hematopoiesis in myelodysplastic syndrome patients with iron overload. However, how iron overload influences hematopoiesis in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) remains unknown. Here, the RUNX1S291fs-transduced bone marrow mononuclear cells were yielded and transplanted into lethally irradiated recipient mice together with radioprotective bone marrow cells to generate MDS mice. Eight weeks post transplantation, the recipient mice received an intraperitoneal injection of 0.2 mL iron dextran at a concentration of 25 mg/mL once every other day for a total of 8 times to establish an iron overload model. In the present study, we show that iron overload impairs the frequency and colony-forming capacity of normal hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells, especially in erythroid, in MDS mice, which is due, at least in part, to growth differentiation factor 11-induced reactive oxygen species, shortening survival of MDS mice. Given that we are the first to construct an iron overload model in MDS mice, we hope this model will be helpful for further exploring the influence and mechanism of iron overload on MDS.

Article Number: 1627

Doi: 10.3324/haematol.2018.193128

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