Transforming growth factor β1-mediated functional inhibition of mesenchymal stromal cells in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia
EHA Learning Center. Geyh S. Sep 1, 2018; 234226
Topic: 2A Myeloproliferative and myelodysplastic neoplasm
Stefanie Geyh
Stefanie Geyh
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

Access to EHA Members only content is an EHA membership benefit.
Click here to join EHA or renew your membership here.


Journal Abstract
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)

Co-Authors: Manuel Rodríguez-Paredes, Paul Jäger, Annemarie Koch, Felix Bormann, Julian Gutekunst, Christoph Zilkens, Ulrich Germing, Guido Kobbe, Frank Lyko, Rainer Haas, Thomas Schroeder

Abstract: Mesenchymal stromal cells are involved in the pathogenesis of myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia, but the underlying mechanisms are incompletely understood. To further characterize the pathological phenotype we performed RNA sequencing of mesenchymal stromal cells from patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia and found a specific molecular signature of genes commonly deregulated in these disorders. Pathway analysis showed a strong enrichment of genes related to osteogenesis, senescence, inflammation and inhibitory cytokines, thereby reflecting the structural and functional deficits of mesenchymal stromal cells in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia on a molecular level. Further analysis identified transforming growth factor β1 as the most probable extrinsic trigger factor for this altered gene expression. Following exposure to transforming growth factor β1, healthy mesenchymal stromal cells developed functional deficits and adopted a phenotype reminiscent of that observed in patient-derived stromal cells. These suppressive effects of transforming growth factor β1 on stromal cell functionality were abrogated by SD-208, an established inhibitor of transforming growth factor β receptor signaling. Blockade of transforming growth factor β signaling by SD-208 also restored the osteogenic differentiation capacity of patient-derived stromal cells, thus confirming the role of transforming growth factor β1 in the bone marrow microenvironment of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia. Our findings establish transforming growth factor β1 as a relevant trigger causing functional inhibition of mesenchymal stromal cells in myelodysplastic syndromes and acute myeloid leukemia and identify SD-208 as a candidate to revert these effects.

Article Number: 1462

Doi: 10.3324/haematol.2017.186734

Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.


Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.



Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.


Save Settings