Therapeutic effects of the novel subtype-selective histone deacetylase inhibitor chidamide on myeloma-associated bone disease
EHA Learning Center. He J. Aug 1, 2018; 226759
Topic: 1B Bone marrow failure
Jingsong He
Jingsong He
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

Access to EHA Members only content is an EHA membership benefit.
Click here to join EHA or renew your membership here.

Journal Abstract
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)
Co-Authors: Qingxiao Chen, Huiyao Gu, Jing Chen, Enfan Zhang, Xing Guo, Xi Huang, Haimeng Yan, DongHua He, Yang Yang, Yi Zhao, Gang Wang, Huang He, Qing Yi, Zhen Cai

Abstract: Histone deacetylases are promising therapeutic targets in hematological malignancies. In the work herein, we investigated the effect of chidamide, a new subtype-selective histone deacetylase inhibitor that was independently produced in China, on multiple myeloma and its associated bone diseases using different models. The cytotoxicity of chidamide toward myeloma is due to its induction of cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by increasing the levels of caspase family proteins p21 and p27, among others. Furthermore, chidamide exhibited significant cytotoxicity against myeloma cells co-cultured with bone mesenchymal stromal cells and chidamide-pretreated osteoclasts. Importantly, chidamide suppressed osteoclast differentiation and resorption in vitro by dephosphorylating p-ERK, p-p38, p-AKT and p-JNK and inhibiting the expression of Cathepsin K, NFATc1 and c-fos. Finally, chidamide not only prevented tumor-associated bone loss in a disseminated murine model by partially decreasing the tumor burden but also prevented rapid receptor activator of nuclear factor κ-β ligand (RANKL)-induced bone loss in a non-tumor-bearing mouse model. Based on our results, chidamide exerted dual anti-myeloma and bone-protective effects in vitro and in vivo. These findings strongly support the potential clinical use of this drug as a treatment for multiple myeloma in the near future.

Article Number: 1369

Doi: 10.3324/haematol.2017.181172
Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.

Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.

Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.

Save Settings